Gender inequality has been entrenched into our society. Commonly associated with women gaining equal rights to men, we’ve paved the way for women’s rights organisations, however we can look at useful indicators such as the gender pay gap which show the degree of this inequality experienced by women. Despite gains being made, often there are stereotypical associations which can contribute to these disparities in wages.
Firstly, I’ll mention their still is an existing gender pay gap. Although it is drastically shrinking, women in the United States are still paid 2% less than men who have the same qualifications and same job. This gender pay gap also exists between different races. For instance the controlled pay gap (individuals with the same qualifications and jobs) between African American women and white men and is for every $1 a white man earns, a black woman earns $0.97. However, Asian women exceed this, as for every $1 a white man makes, Asian women make $1.02. The disparity in wages was explained by the fact that women will have children during their professional careers and will therefore have a break to do so, or may seek jobs which have more flexibility and are lower paid.
As of 2019 in Australia, according to the Workplace Gender Equality Agency, the average full-time women’s earnings was at $1,508.50, in contrast men’s weekly earnings exceeded that of women at $1,751.40.
When analysing the gender pay gap in Singapore. The Ministry of Manpower released that the gender pay gap is at 6%. It was explained that women often involved in roles of caregiving which can effect their career trajectory and therefore their wages. As a result of this 6%, it means that women in similar job positions as men, received $342 less than men in their monthly median salary.
Despite the assumption that women’s careers will be negatively impacted by taking time off work to start a family, other factors can impact on the gender pay gap. These might include discrimination or bias.
There have been more local attempts at trying to combat the gender pay gap such as a vegan cafe, Handsome Her in Melbourne Australia which had a “man tax” of 18%. This 18% occurred over a period of one week in a month before it shutdown. This 18% premium was introduced to reflect the 2016 reports of the gender pay gap.
Although many gains have been made to decrease the gender pay gap, we should acknowledge the long-term effects this has on the livelihood of women and their professional careers.